Puppet hiera lookup command line

Because of this, Puppet will now automatically do a Hiera lookup for every parameter to a parameterized class that isn’t explicitly passed a value via the parameterized class syntax (which means that if you just Use the hiera command line tools for debugging. To fix this, we can make sure that the puppet server is installed in the first puppet run and the PuppetDB is added in the second one. John Arundel is a cloud native consultant and devops expert. I've largely abandoned hiera for my environment and prefer to have data in puppet profiles. First, let’s cover what a YAML hash is. Dealing with hashes in Puppet code; Puppet 3 automatic parameter lookup; Evolving usage patterns for class parameters The instruction is Add "contrib" and "non-free" components to /etc/apt/sources. Hiera is a cross-platform, key/value lookup tool that you use to manage configuration data. 56, the command line to run Puppet with the DPK got longer. A hash is a key-value structure used in the DPK to store configuration. You have to pass in the --confdir parameter and path every time you run Puppet. Installing and configuring Hiera. First part of this post is about my environment setup. The hiera_include, as all the other hiera_* functions, is now deprecated and can be replaced by lookup, so the above line can be replaced by: Puppet Helper Functions Puppet Apply Powershell Function. I am using Puppet in a standalone mode. Subject: [Puppet Users] hiera command line performance Hi everyone, The hiera command line program (version 0. It's possible to use the puppet lookup command to query Hiera for a  Hiera's hierarchy configuration is in /etc/puppetlabs/puppet/hiera. yaml only hiera <key> -m <FQDN> # to query will prompt for it eyaml decrypt -f <filename> eyaml decrypt -s <string> eyaml edit When using Hiera + Eyaml + GPG as Puppet configuration backend one can run [hiera-eyaml-core] GPG command (gpg --homedir /home/lars/. Hiera. Additionally, plaintext values can be included in the same file. Another major advantage is the separation of configuration data from the code, which makes everything generally easier. If you are using Puppet Enterprise, you can view all of the facts for any node on the node’s page in the console. command-line on the left, GUI on the right. We will start off with a primer on Puppet, its installation and get a sneak peek under its hood. Use the puppet lookup command-line interface instead, because it works with Hiera 3, 4, and 5. yaml. 0 for lookup/data binding. Posts about Puppet written by rnelson0. Since this command needs access to your Hiera data, make sure to run it on a node that has a copy of that data. 3 though, but the basic use cases should work. You can verify that a node can "see" your hiera settings with the command sudo puppet lookup --node <fqdn of puppet client> --compile --explain <your::hiera::key> on the standalone puppetmaster. Use Hiera along with Puppet to maintain site-specific data that would normally be included in a Puppet manifest. puppet-lookup - Interactive Hiera lookup. With that data separated from your Puppet code, you then can encrypt sensitive values, such as passwords and keys. This tutorial covers Puppet code basics, and will show you how to construct Hiera is included as part of puppet 3. By default, this returns the first value found (and fails compilation if no values are available), but you can configure it to merge multiple values into one, fail gracefully, and more. However, I needed puppet to [automatically] run a command line using a password, which can be accomplished using hiera-eyaml. Hiera is integrated into Puppet to provide dynamic lookup of configuration data for the manifest files. 2) - no difference; So: Why is this node failing the hiera lookup? How do I fix it? How do I correctly use puppet lookup to fetch this value from the working node? (to aid in debugging) Deploy Puppet agents and servers in a public cloud environment so that you can quickly see the results of your Puppet code; Create Puppet classes and modules to apply your automation and multiple servers in parallel; Capture unique configuration for each system using Facter and Hiera so your Puppet code can be more modular and reusable This course provides the necessary skills and techniques to install Puppet Master and Agent in order to carry out configuration management effectively. This assumes it’s possible to leverage Hiera to automatically couple answers, but there has been no proof of concept to show this works in practice. Does Hiera lookups from the command line. Command line arguments-p or --puppetdir This argument is mandatory except in parse mode. This kind of Hiera lookup is called Automatic Parameter Lookup and is one of . A strict and more permissive mode are provided. So at least exec resources' conditionals as well puppet parser functions and facts will execute normally. Debugging Hiera Hiera's data lookups are all done with reference to the details of the node being configured, and it's that node's scope which informs Hiera the - Selection from Mastering Puppet 5 [Book] Hiera, the tool Puppet uses to read YAML files, has multiple ways to look up data. Go from beginner to confident Puppet user with a series of clear, practical examples to help you manage every aspect of your server setup. I started looking at various places people store data, and ways to fetch it and realized that a lot of data storage applications are RESTful, yet there doesn’t seem to be any support in Hiera to query these things, so I whipped up hiera-http, a Hiera back end to connect to any HTTP RESTful API and return data based on a lookup. This kind of Hiera lookup is called Automatic Parameter Lookup and is one of several ways to pull data from Hiera, but it's by far the most common in practice. x and later ship with Hiera support already enabled. Managing Puppet Data with Hiera. 0-2ubuntu3_all NAME puppet-lookup - Interactive Hiera lookup SYNOPSIS Does Hiera lookups from the command line. restart_puppet is an Automatic Paramter Lookup We use a private github repo to version control our puppet code. The course is presented as a mixture of lectures and hands-on exercises. You then query the database from your manifest using the lookup()  Puppet is not installed on your Oracle Solaris system by default. The 3. Integrating Jerakia with Puppet Introduction. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. He has been writing software for 35 years, managing Unix systems for nearly three decades, and working on infrastructure from nuclear power stations to Netflix since he was knee-high to a login prompt. I've tried using the puppet inventory and using mcollective, both with an error: Hiera 1: Overview Hiera is a key/value lookup tool for configuration data, built to make Puppet better and let you set can also test Hiera from the command line Data bindings is meant to be pluggable to allow for ANY data backend, but, as of this writing, there’s currently only one: Hiera. puppet-lookup — Interactive Hiera lookup. However, in practice we only troubleshooting only. pp and execute it. 7. Jerakia can be integrated with Puppet using a Hiera 5 data provider function that is available as part of the crayfishx/jerakia Puppet module. For example, this is the hash for PS_HOME information: Bug #20491: Command line variable specification seems to have changed between 1. You obviously need to do this on a puppet master, or a node that's configured to have all the hiera data in the same place the… You'll typically run the Hiera command line tool on a puppet master, making up the facts agents would normally provide the puppet master using a variety of fact sources. 1. 9 and later use Hiera 5, and its documentation is in the Puppet reference manual. and running make from the command line (assuming you have make installed) Please note that --noop does not mean that no code will be executed. Complex hiera lookup not working. This function looks for the ‘classes’ key in Hiera (could be any name), which is expected to contain an array of classes to merge across hiera’s hierarchies and include in the relevant node. Separating code and data can be tricky. Extend Puppet with custom facts, functions, types, and providers Use Hiera 5 and Code Manager/r10k to separate code from data Continuously integrate your code using Jenkins, Git and automated testing Use exported resources and the new Puppet Orchestration features Explore Puppet Discovery features and their use This provides security of data at rest while allowing fast lookup and ease of use/review by administrators. yaml and open the file in a text editor for you. foreman-installer --scenario [katello|foreman-proxy-content] --puppet-server true --puppet-server-ca false To do this, we need changes in Kafo to store more information in the answers file. Summary Next up: Getting Started with Hiera See Gathering Information About a System by Using Facter and Facter documentation on the Puppet web site. 0) is currently taking around 2 seconds per invocation. An archive of old documentation for Puppet, PE, and their related components. Before installing , there are network requirements you need to consider and prepare for. yaml version 3 5 ( supports 3 and 4) explicit lookup hiera() hiera_array() hiera_hash() lookup() backend API complicated simple using function API APL options no lookup_options in data, explicit and APL the same! explain support no --explain advanced paths no globs, mapped paths deprecated 12. To uninstall Puppet from the command line, you must have the original MSI file or know the ProductCode of the installed MSI: msiexec /qn /norestart /x puppet-agent-1. So don't go around testing untrusted code. Jerakia - A versatile data lookup system. The Hiera 3 command-line interface is deprecated and does not work with Hiera 5. 8. We can load and check Puppet specific facts with facter: # facter -p. To help with troubleshooting, you can use the hiera cli to do lookups yourself. com • From command line search #puppet module search <modulename> • Install a module #puppet module install <modulename> • Verify installed modules #puppet module list --tree 56. You should be aware that you couldn’t fetch files from the master in this case since it’s purely local but see the File types reference for a explanation of how the behavior changes – you can still copy files, just not from the master. where a gem in puppet CLI hiera puppet lookup  You want to hide sensitive values from puppet output Encrypted hiera backends; Possible leaks via report processors; How PuppetDB stores your resources  show the operating system we are running (retrieved from facter) $ puppet -e ' notify { "We are running on ${::operatingsystem}": }' notice: We are running on  May 14, 2015 With that data separated from your Puppet code, you then can encrypt sensitive . Hiera Versions; 11. What if you… After setting up Puppet in an agent/master configuration, you may need some help writing Puppet manifests and modules. hiera - This performs a standard priority lookup and returns the most specific value for a given key. 4. Presumably on my puppet master I can run hiera from the command line to see how a particular node would generate a variable set, but it's really hard to find a working example of that. With Hiera, you can externalize your systems' configuration data and easily understand how those values are assigned to your servers. , you're supposed to add that line to the given file with a text editor. Since this command needs access to your Hiera data,  The puppet lookup command lets you do Hiera lookups from the command line. data/common. \psft-dpk-setup. Thankfully, that was addressed in PDK-998 and the fix was included in time for PDK The first location is so you can use the hiera command-line tool. 2 & 1. 2. x ‘lookup’ mechanism documented here. The lookup function uses Hiera to retrieve a value for a given key. puppet-lookup (8) Name. pp file, 276 MySQL backend, 280 openvpn module, 275 command-line utility, 267 complex hierarchy, 271 dynamic hierarchy, 269 exploring hierarchy, 268 hiera lookup, 267 hiera lookup in puppet, 268 Puppet Forge • Puppet modules shared by community • Search modules in the forge • Share modules with others using the forge • forge. The returned value can be data of any type (strings, arrays, or Introducing hiera-http . You are not supposed to execute it on a command line. I still use it for node overrides and edge cases but once I have a working config I try not to fuck with it. so puppet thinks your command string ends just before "Cookie". With Hiera, we can provide node-specific information to a Puppet module. that the Puppet automatic parameter lookup does not perform any merging; it only uses the topmost Hiera  Oct 26, 2017 “hiera" - the gem“hiera" - the command line tool “hiera" - the function; 6. - puppetlabs/docs-archive Hiera is a "data lookup" command line tool. Hiera uses a customizable hierarchy to lookup the data. If a default value is set for an argument that value is used only when user has not explicitly declared value for that argument and Hiera automatic lookup for that argument doesn't return any value. 7 you’ll need to install the following packages (for debian): hiera, hiera-puppet ENC Executable with one parameter (fqdn) Flexible - you design how the information lookup is done (query a database, parse a hostname or other Facter fact, etc). list, for example I. As a rule of thumb, you don't want passwords in version control. Bug #20491: Command line variable specification seems to have changed between 1. gnupg -- quiet  Jan 5, 2015 Hiera is a standalone command line utility. So this is your basic replacement for the old hiera(), hiera_hash() and hiera_array() and as you can see from the last 2 the merge strategy isn’t set globally like in old Hiera, this is a big improvement. Enabling Hiera-eyaml. This is probably why Hiera comes bundled with Puppet Enterprise. When puppet uses hiera, it instructs hiera to look for the hiera. In order to use Puppet effectively, you must understand how manifests and modules are constructed. What is Puppet? Puppet is a leading IT automation platform in DevOps that is used to manage various stages of the IT infrastructure lifecycle, including the Puppet Exam Questions study guide by ericfan908 includes 148 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. The best way to test something is to use the lookup CLI or to run a simple manifest with the hiera function call or lookup call for the key in question as this provides a result that is the same as what you get when using hiera + puppet in combination in a particular environment. hiera <key> # to query common. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. yaml configuration file. Hiera is configured correctly on the server and by running test hiera call from command line I'm getting correct value. It uses the puppet 4. Hiera is a cross-platform, key/value lookup tool that you use to manage configuration data . You obviously need to do this on a puppet master, or a node that's configured to have all the That command line is getting pretty long, though. Introducing Hiera In Puppet, Hiera is a key-value lookup tool for configuration data. Hiera can be invoken via the command line to interrogate the given key's value: hiera dns_servers Using hiera with puppet, a complete tutorial with example configuration to separate site specific data from puppet manifests using hierarchial lookup. Puppet 5 Beginner’s Guide, Third Edition gets you up and running with the very latest features of Puppet 5, including Docker containers, Hiera data, and Amazon AWS cloud orchestration. In Puppet 5, Puppet took the old hiera command and renamed it to puppet lookup along with other refinements. automatic parameter lookup, from Hiera data / Automatic parameter rendering on command line / Rendering templates on Debugging Hiera. puppetlabs. Unfortunately, when PuppetDB is installed before the puppet server is generated the certificates we run into problems. Redirecting to https://puppet. To my surprise, I see the value '1521' being set. By default, the Hiera command line tool will use a priority lookup, which returns a single value — the first value found in the  NAME puppet-lookup - Interactive Hiera lookup SYNOPSIS Does Hiera lookups from the command line. You even can leave the existing definition intact, because Hiera will override it. Which three Puppet syntax constructs would you use to allow the behavior of your service resource to change? This will run through your code in test. You are writing a Puppet module to manage a system service and you want to use different command-line arguments depending on how much memory the machine has. These messages are written to the log when puppet runs and can also be seen in the output of a debug run. You can In this example hiera will first lookup the data by first scanning all  Jan 31, 2018 A blog post about how to make Puppet manifests more dynamic via From the command-line you can use the facter command to explore the facts. ps1 -cleanup Starting the PeopleSoft Environment cleanup Process: Verifying if Puppet Software Adding Hiera data to your Puppet repo. that are available, as shown in Searching modules from the command line: Jul 20, 2017 Hiera is configured correctly on the server and by running test hiera call from command line I'm getting correct value. Apr 17, 2017 Hiera is Puppet's builtin key/value data lookup system, which has some . As I lamented in my article on converting to the PDK, I really do not like Rubocop and was disappointed I could not turn it off. Furthermore, Puppet 4. PS C:\Users\xyz\Documents\DPK\setup> . Synopsis. This is regular and predictable and anyone downloading a module can reference the first line of a class to determine the keys that need to be set. Hiera 1: Command Line Usage Hiera provides a command line tool thats useful for verifying that your hierarchy is constructed correctly and that your data sources are returning the values you expect. hiera_array; hiera_hash; When are the various Hiera lookup functions used? It is very important that you use the correct Hiera lookup function for the appropriate parameters. The compile is needed to set all the right facts for hiera in Cloud VPS, and there will be a lot of warnings you can ignore. - henrik Puppet 3. Hiera allows hierarchical configuration in Puppet, which is difficult to achieve with native Puppet code. Puppet 3. 5 hiera issue. Puppet Variables, Expressions, Facts and Hiera on Windows 31 Jan 2018 This post is a continuation of my earlier Getting Started with Puppet on Windows post (although most of the information in this post is OS agnostic). The most important requirements include syncing time and creating a plan for name resolution. Sometimes it's very difficult to see how hiera works and what values it might return. I will not go into a full exploration of what Tiers mean, the old Hiera docs are pretty good for that. Hiera's data lookups are all done with reference to the details of the node being configured, and it's that node's scope which informs Hiera the datasets it should select, how to order the data, and how to interpolate certain values. Catalog is not computed exactly the same way Puppet does. lookup is using by default Hiera backend (again requires hiera. . 0, but if you’re running puppet 2. yaml" instead. You also can specify a Hiera lookup with: Puppet can use Hiera to look up data. Your command should look like where a gem in puppet CLI hiera puppet lookup hiera. yaml file at once? Hiera-eyaml has an edit command that will decrypt the passwords in psft_customizations. Youll typically run the Hiera command line tool on a puppet master, mocking up the facts agents would would normally provide the puppet master Hiera 1 Manual Hiera 1: Command Line Usage 46/58 Lookup Types By default, the Hiera command line tool will use a priority lookup, which returns a single value the rst value found in the hierarchy. Nov 17, 2015 To help with troubleshooting, you can use the hiera cli to do lookups yourself. 1 Feature #20497 : Hiera cli should assume a environment of production if not otherwise specified Bug #21447 : parse_string keeps looking if a variable is an empty string PuppetDB uses the certificates generated by the puppet server to secure the connections. Editor's note: Please check out the much newer article Configuring Travis CI on a Puppet Module Repo for the new "best practices" around setting up rspec-puppet. On the command line, you can use the hiera utility to To see the full list of structured facts and values on a given system (including plugin facts), run puppet facts at the command line. It needs to be run on a node that has a  And use puppet lookup (should be available since Puppet 4). There are many fixes in the upcoming puppet 4. You either need You can also use 'puppet lookup' command line tool with '--explain' to get detailed trace information about what is going on. Some good practices are enforced. Puppet gives you control of what you do to each node, when you do it, and how you do it. Sep 25, 2018 In Puppet 5, Puppet took the old hiera command and renamed it to you want to override the hiera config from the command line you can use. Hiera provides a command line tool that’s useful for verifying that your hierarchy is constructed correctly and that your data sources are returning the values you expect. My Hiera hierarchy is configured as: --- :backends: - yam Provided by: puppet_5. Encrypting passwords on the command line is great, but what if you want to edit all of the passwords in your psft_customizations. Now you just need to tell Hiera about the GPG backend, My previous Hiera configuration now becomes: Lookup Functions: hiera() hiera_array hiera_hash() Automatic Parameter Lookup: Puppet automatically retrieves class parameters from Hiera. This is an intended replacement of the earlier "hiera" command line tool since it is unaware of 'data in modules'. No longer updated, for reference only. There are two other lookup types available: array merge and hash merge. You now get way more output from the puppet lookup command. I've tried the puppet agent version from Jessie (3. To test this, we can run the hiera command line tool, which allows you to test your Hiera So when we 'include' the ntp class, Puppet will query hiera for its parameters. yaml file in "$confdir/hiera. The main purpose of Hiera is that it is used by Puppet. 2) and from Backports (4. It means puppet will not change the state of any resource. The lookup_options data structure is a way of defining the behaviour of hiera within hiera. These simulated changes will appear in the report sent to the puppet master, or be shown on the console if running puppet agent or puppet apply in the foreground. This means that you tell Hiera what piece of data you are interested in, and it will retrieve that data for you by looking through one or more yaml files. This helps you disentangle site-specific data from Puppet code, for easier code re-use and easier management of data that needs to differ across your node population. Now asks hiera for classes to include. This integration and new version provided much improved debugging capabilities. You don’t need to do anything If like me you have more than one puppetmaster in your live keyrings, multiple -r entries can be specified on the command line for gpg, you should encrypt your file for all the puppet master keys that are allowed to decrypt it. e. Using hiera from the command line. There are bugs in 4. I also forgot to mention that when you pass fact variables to perform a Hiera lookup via the command line, you should fully qualify the variables in the same way as you did in hiera. conf file, 93 workflow, 93 H Hiera, 263 backends, 275 file backend, 277 gpg backend, 282 JSON backend, 279 manifests/init. See the following pages for more info: Lookup types - Hiera 3. com/docs. hiera CLI lookup fails but puppet agent -t works When using hiera in the command line you have to pass those Puppet hiera lookup deep merge with knockout Chapter 3 - Using Hiera. The ‘classes’ array in this file is the baseline. Puppet provides a number of ways to do this and the simplest is by using the notice function if you want the message to appear on the puppet master or the notify type if you want the message displayed on the client. 0-x64. Create a new server_role fact: Hiera, the tool Puppet uses to read YAML files, has multiple ways to look up data. [root@rhns6]# hiera msg fqdn=node1. 3. 1 Feature #20497 : Hiera cli should assume a environment of production if not otherwise specified Bug #21447 : parse_string keeps looking if a variable is an empty string In your data center, servers have either 16 GB or 64 GB of memory. yaml config file is used to control how the hiera command operates when we use hiera on it's own. yaml config file). To simplify the command, a simple Powershell function can be used to run the DPK. You are encouraged to use the newer setup, though everything on this page will still work! I've covered puppet unit tests with rspec and beyond before. msi msiexec /qn /norestart /x <PRODUCT CODE> When you uninstall Puppet, the uninstaller removes the Puppet program directory, agent services, and all related registry keys. As part of the new 'data in modules' feature, there is now a command line command "puppet lookup" that can lookup the value for a given key for a given node. The eyaml command line tool is made available for working with encrypted data Hiera configuration, 94 puppet. Hiera Lookup Order. UPDATE: I have edited my puppet. just testing out hiera and I'd like to be able to view all the available data (variable=value pairs) in the hierarchy for a given node. When looking up a key, Hiera searches up to three tiers of data, in the following order: I was expecting a value of '1522' when I do a hiera lookup of db_port in my manifest file. Invocation The simplest Hiera command takes a single argument --- the key to look up --- and will look up the key's value using the static data sources in the hierarchy . conf file to include hiera_config as per the comments below, and restarted puppetmaster but it still does not work. 3 | Puppet Many of these are defined by variables or facts (facter). The hiera. It can also look up json files, but we'll stick with yaml files, as our mark-up language of choice. Neal Stephenson's In the Beginning Was the Command Line. local Test string - HIERA NODE1 Satellite 6 and hiera call within puppet module - Red Hat Customer Portal 2. Hiera-eyaml supports encrypted arrays, hashes, and nested arrays/hashes. 7+ now integrates hiera into the same puppet gem. The second location is for Puppet itself. This seems quite slow to me, but is probably not an issue for most users. Even more confusing is I do not see this line in the debug: Debug: hiera(): Hiera YAML backend starting Which I do see in other puppet masters I have that do work with Hiera. Global settings; Backend specific settings; Examples; Working with the command line on a YAML backend; Using Hiera in Puppet. In the case However, if a resource attribute is not in the desired state (as declared in the catalog), Puppet will take no action, and will instead report the changes it would have made. With 8. - puppetlabs/docs-archive An archive of old documentation for Puppet, PE, and their related components. This Learning Path will take you from the basics of Puppet to extending it and then mastering it. x hiera docs linked above refer to hiera_include which is deprecated. Puppet 4. It must point to the base of the puppet directory (the directory that contains the modules and manifests directories). 2014-05-26 (141) by Ton Kersten, tagged as puppet For my job I do a lot of Puppet and I thought it was about time to write some tips and tricks down. puppet-lookup man page. Whenever a Hiera lookup is triggered from Puppet, Hiera receives a copy of all of the variables currently available to Puppet, including both top scope and local variables. Synopsis Does Hiera lookups from the command line. puppet hiera lookup command line

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